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Everything about Learner’s Licence (Sarathi) in India

Learning how to drive is also a skill similar to playing football or painting sketches. But in India, it is not just enough to have the driving skills you need to have a valid licence as well. As per the Motor Vehicle Act of 1998, a citizen driving a motor vehicle on the road must have a valid Driving Licence.

Whereas for beginners who are new to driving a two-wheeler or a car can apply for a learner’s licence and can practice driving motor vehicles on roads (provided they are supervised by a permanent driving licence holder. Scroll down to know more about how you can apply for a Learner’s Licence.

What is Learner’s Licence?

Learner’s Licence is an official document which is issued by the Regional Transport Officer (RTO) and acts as a provisional and restricted driving licence. One must be aware of all the traffic rules and regulations in order to get a learner’s licence. In addition to this, the individual should have cleared the written test.

One can apply for the Learner’s Licence only by the age of 16. Once this licence is received, the individual can drive on Indian roads provided he or she is accompanied by a person holding a valid driving licence.

Different Types of Learner’s Licence in India

In India, Learner’s licence is issued to the candidate depending on the class of your motor vehicle. Based on the type of your vehicle, you can get the following learner’s licence in India.

For Personal Use:

Licence Class

Vehicle Type


Light motor vehicles (used for non-transport purposes)


All motorcycles including the ones with gear


Motorcycles with any engine capacity provided without gears includes scooters and mopeds

MC 50CC (Motorcycle 50cc)

Motorcycles which comes with an engine capacity of 50cc or less


Motorcycles with gear, capacity of 50CC or more, Light Motor Vehicles (LMVs) including cars

For Commercial Use:

Licence Class

Vehicle Type


Light Motor Vehicle for non-transport purposes


Heavy Goods Motor Vehicle


Light Motor Vehicle used for commercial purposes


Medium Goods Vehicle


Heavy Passenger Motor Vehicle

What are the Eligibility Criteria to Avail Learner Licence in India?

The eligibility criteria for a person to avail learner licence in India vary based on the type of the vehicle:

For the one who has motorcycles with gear – The applicant must be at least 18 years of age.

For the one who has motorcycles without gear and with a capacity of up to 50CC – An applicant with minimum 16 years of age is eligible for this license and for applicants less than 18 years, one should have the consent of his guardian or parents. 

For commercial heavy vehicles and transport vehicle – In this case, the applicant should be at least 8th std pass and must be above 18 years of age (In some states, the minimum age for this vehicle type is 20 years). 

General Requirements:

The applicant must be well-versed with all the traffic rules and regulations. He or she should have a valid age proof and address proof.

How to Apply for Learner’s Licence in India?

In India, an individual can apply for learner’s licence through both online and offline mode. As you scroll down, you can find the steps involved in each of the processes.


Apply for Learner’s Licence Online


To apply for a learner’s licence, one must visit the Transport Website and check if it has online learner’s licence application facility. If your state’s transport allows you to file an online application, then you will be required to fill the basic information. You will be required to submit scanned copies of your address and age proof. There are few transport websites which provide you with the option to select the particular time slot for the test while the others offer you a form that you will have to submit at the nearest RTO before the test is scheduled. You can make the payment online once your test is scheduled and you will receive a receipt in your mailbox which needs to be presented during the test. Reach the RTO office or learner’s licence test facility to take the learner’s test and avoid any delay.


Apply for Learner’s Licence Offline


For the ones who want to apply for Learner’s Licence offline must follow below mentioned steps:

1. Get the application form and attach the photographs wherever needed
2. Attach your age and address proof
3. Ask the RTO officials to schedule your learner’s licence test at a particular date and time
4. One must ensure that you reach the test centre on the given date and time
5. Once you clear the test, your learner’s licence will be sent to your registered address
6. In case you are taking driving lessons from a driving school, then the school’s officials can assist you in procuring your learner’s license.

Indian Learner’s Licence Test Procedure

All the leaner’s licence applicants need to go through a test procedure that helps in testing your driving skills and also helps in examining your knowledge about traffic rules and regulations. Following are some important points regarding the test procedure in India.

• Ensure that you are present early for the test i.e. at least an hour before the test begins.

• For the online applicant, you will have to present the confirmation slip and pay the learner’s licence test fees before taking the test.

• Also, you need to answer questions online or on paper.

• If you clear the test, you can apply for a permanent driving licence 30 days after the date of issue of learner’s licence. Also, the application for a permanent driving licence must be filed within 180 days from the date of issue of the learner’s licence.

• If you don’t clear the test, you can reappear again after a week

What are the Documents Required to avail Learner’s Licence in India?

In order to ensure that there is no delay in the application process, one must submit the below-mentioned documents while applying for a learner’s licence:

For Age Proof:

As an age proof, one needs to submit any one of Passport, PAN card, Birth Certificate, 10th class mark sheet or transfer certificate from any school for any class with DOB printed on it.

Address Proof for LL:

Under permanent address proof, one can submit any one of Aadhar Card, Passport, LIC bond, Voters ID card, Ration card, electricity bill (issued in applicant’s name) or self-owned house agreement

Under current address proof, one can submit any one of rental agreement and electricity bill or rental agreement and LPG bill.

Other requirements for Learner’s Licence:

Apart from the above-mentioned documents, one needs to submit at least 6 passport size photographs (while applying for a learner’s license), duly filled the application form along with application fees, Medical Certificate with Form 1 and 1A signed by a certified government doctor.


Most frequent questions and answers about Learning Licence.

1. How to apply for learning license online?

For a Learner’s Licence, one can fill out the form and submit their application online. The Learner’s Licence online application helps the applicants to fill and submit the form as well as book their driving test appointment by sitting in the couch. Likewise, one can also submit an online appointment for driving licence.

2. From where can I get a Learner’s Licence online form?

For states which allow online application, one can simply download the application form from the transport website itself. After downloading and filling the form, you can submit it at the RTO along with required documents.

3. What is the validity period of a learning licence issued in India?

In India, the Learner’s License is valid for a period of 6 months. If the license expires, one can either renew the Learner’s License or apply for a fresh one depending on the RTO rules.

4. How to apply for learning licence in Maharashtra?

 The procedure of applying for a Learner’s License in Maharashtra is very easy. Applicants can make use of the online portal to get all information about documents and procedures required for Learner’s License.